Crash Tests
Main AuthorIain Knight, Matthew Avery
Type of Mediapdf-document
Publication Typelecture
Publication Year2015
Publisher24. EVU Conference, Edinburgh

edinburg2015 01a The development and market penetration of sophisticated collision avoidance technologies is accelerating rapidly. For example, there was around 16 years between the first mass marketing of Electronic Stability Control and it’s introduction in Euro NCAP (19 years before it was mandatory). By contrast, the same “lead time” for AEB has been just 6 to 9 years and Euro NCAP will promote functionality in collisions involving pedestrians in 2016 and cyclists in 2018.

These measures are driving a rapid increase in the fitment of AEB. A substantial reduction in low speed crashes (<50 km/h) is expected but in higher speed crashes the effects are more likely to be a reduction in collision speed and injury severity. Collision investigators will encounter the systems in crashes they investigate and will need to understand what role, if any, the system has played in the circumstances of the crash. The aim of this paper
is to provide the basics of that understanding.

The paper is based mainly on interpretation of the extensive test programme undertaken by Thatcham Research during it’s development of the Insurance Group Rating and Euro NCAP test procedures. These tests typically involve impactable targets and vehicles under full robotic control. Additional on-road evaluations have also been undertaken.

Low speed AEB systems have been shown to reduce insurance claims by between around 7% and 26%. A wide variety of different performance levels exist from simple warnings and brake support to low speed avoidance and high speed mitigation for both car and pedestrian collisions. Some form of system is at least available as an option on 9 of the 10 best selling cars in the UK and most new trucks and buses will be equipped from 2015. False warnings can occur and the effect of defects varies depending on the technology used.

edinburg2015 01c   edinburg2015 01b

edinburg2015 01d

(EVU-members can download the full article)